How to Cite
Guliyev, F., & Lala, H. (2022). Distribution and damage of bacterial canker on lemon bushes in the conditions of the Southern part of Azerbaijan. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (1), 41–49. https://doi.org/10.34101/actaagrar/1/10819
This paper summarises and presents the results of two-year (2020–2021) field and laboratory studies on the spread and harmfulness of bacterial canker of citrus crops (Xanthomonas citri (Hasse) Dowson.) on mid-ripening lemon cultivars (Citrus limon L.). Experimental field research conducted by us in 2020–2021. It has been established that bacterial canker (Xanthomonas citri) is found mainly on lemon bushes (Citrus limon L.). The pathogen also causes canker (Xanthomonas citri) on kinkans (Fortunella margarita (Lour) Swingle.), poncirus (Poncirus (L.) Raf.), lime (Cirtus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle.). Japanese cultivars of oranges (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck.) and citron (Citrus medica L.) are distinguished by significant tolerance. The most resistant are tangerines (Cirtus reticulata Blanco.) – they are almost not affected by bacterial canker (Xanthomonas citri).
We have established environmental factors that contribute to the wide spread and development of bacterial canker (Xanthomonas citri) on lemon bushes in the southern part of Azerbaijan.
The main indicators of the harmfulness of bacterial canker (Xanthomonas citri) have been identified. The potential for the death of canker-infected lemon fruits has been established. The characteristic features of external and internal signs of the disease were established. A scheme for combating bacterial canker (Xanthomonas citri) has been developed, and the optimal concentration of fungicides that retard the growth and development of pathogens has also been established. Photographs of bacterial canker (Xanthomonas citri) damage to lemon fruits are presented.
Download data is not yet available.
Chumakov, A.E.–Minkevich, I.I.–Vlasov, Y.I.–Gavrilova, E.A. (1974): Basic methods of phytopathological research. M.: Kolos, 190 p.
Dyakov, Y.T. (2012): Fundamental phytopathology. M.: Krasand, 334 p.
Guliev, F.A. (1977): Establishment of optimal soil moisture for the growth and development of lemon onyellow earth-podzolic soil in the conditions of Azerbaijan. Journal Bulletin of Agricultural Sciences Baku, №2, 56 p.
Guliev, F.A. (2013): Lemon culture (Citrus limon L.) and its prospects in farms Lankaran zone. Journal Yashyl Chay, №2, 5 p.
Guliev, F.A.–Sheryshov, V.E. (1977): Recommendations for the cultivation of a ground-leaved lemon crop. From to Kommunis, Baku, 44 p.
Guliyev, F.A. (1979): Agronomic rules of cultivation of citrus plants. Baku, 46 p.
Guliyev, F.A. (2000): Cultivar study and selection of subtropical crops in Azerbaijan. Journal Agrarian Science Tbilisi, 56 p.
Guliyev, F.A. (2018): Citrus plants: biological characteristics and irrigation regime. Baku, Ecoprint, 33 p.
Guliyev, F.A.–Huseynova, L.A. (2021): Penicillosis or green mold of citrus crops during storage in the conditions of the southern part of Azerbaijan / VIII International Scientific and Practical Conference. Science and Education in the Modern World: Challenges of the XXI Century, Kazakhstan, 2021, 4–9.
Jalagonia, K.T. (1979): On the study of fungal diseases of lemon in Georgia. – Subtropical cultures, №5, 14 p.
Kalyuzhny, Y.V. (1985): Diseases of citrus crops. Kyiv: Ukrainian Agricultural Academy, 60 p.
Khokhryakov, M.K.–Dobrasrakova, T.L.–Stepanov, K.M.–Letova, M.F. (2003): Determinant of plant diseases. Moscow-Krasnodar: Lan, 493 p.
Peresypkin, V.F. (1969): Agricultural phytopathology, M.: Kolos 49 p.
Pospelov, S.M.–Arsenyeva, M. V.–Gruzdev, G.S. (1973): Plant Protection, L.: Kolos, 283 p.
Zhuravlev, I.I.–Sokolov, D.V. (1969): Forest phytopathology, M.: Kolos, 204 p.