No. 1 (2001)
Articles

Impact of fertilization on production capacity and reaction to fertilization in maize hybrids

Published May 27, 2001
Péter Jakab
Debreceni Egyetem Agrártudományi Centrum, Mezőgazdaságtudományi Kar, Növénytermesztési és Tájökológiai Tanszék, Debrecen
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APA

Jakab, P. (2001). Impact of fertilization on production capacity and reaction to fertilization in maize hybrids. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (1), 42–46. https://doi.org/10.34101/actaagrar/1/3584

New varieties and fertilization have significantly increased yields of maize in recent decades. It has to be taken into account however that the interactions and the balanced combination of cropping factors (ecological, biological and agrotechnical) are the main factors which determine yields. Weather conditions were rather unfavourable during the last decade. Extreme weather conditions occurred due to global warming; 6 of 10 years were plagued by drought. Consequently yields increased from 10-20% to 30-50%. In view of varieties the situation is advantageous, maybe the supply of hybrids is too high, nevertheless those hybrids need to be selected which are particularly well adjusted to the ecological conditions. Many technologies can be applied which vary according to intensity, but the balanced combination of cropping factors should be secured on the basis of the hybrid’s intensity. Among agrotechnical factors the compensation of nutrients and technological conditions were inadequate. These days farmers only use nitrogenous fertilizers consequently they significantly decrease the easily available P and K content of the soil which in long term leads to the deterioration of the soil’s productivity. The technological background is therefore important, because sufficient yields can only be expected if agrotechnical operations are carried out in the right time and quality. 

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