The myth of Medea in old Hungarian poetry occurs only occasionally. Sebestyén Tinódi (1510?–1556) translated the Medieval Historia Troiana by Guido da Columna putting the prose into verse. The Medea-story was incorporated in the myth of the first and second sieges of Troy: the character of the main hero (Jason) is constructed from the panel
...s of hypermasculine Hercules and pious Aeneas. Medea and Dido also keep in close allegorical touch. Kristóf Armbrust adds Medea’s profile to his satirical misogynist poem (1550) with special regards to the dark side of the character. István Koháry (1649–1731) uses the myth as a political allegory: the author draws a parallel between the mythological person cut into pieces by Medea promising to rejuvenate the old body and the dismemberment of the old country. István Gyöngyösi (1629–1704) depicts the myth as a story about fatal love and its ambivalent consequences.
This paper examines the relationship between the phenomenon of the neoavantgarde and the ancient tradition in representative examples of two related poetics by the emigrant poets József Bakucz (1929–1990) and László Baránszky (1930–1999). This relationship is not negation or subversive confrontation, but creative use and dialogue, which
... at the same time sheds light on the creativity and motivation of neo-avantgarde gestures that formulate postmodern poetics in many ways. Both poets approached the ancient tradition with the characteristic means of neo-avantgarde poetics and created their own mythopoetic universe, within which the ancient tradition represents the ancestral patterns of textual archeology and cultural memory and is especially important as a creator of future, postmodern text generation procedures.
This study provides the synoptic treatment of Ancient themes in modern opera. The first part reflects on the classical operas reinterpreted by contemporary Hungarian directors (Balázs Kovalik, Róbert Alföldi, Ferenc Anger); the second part deals with the new contemporary works inspired by Ancient texts. The main questions focus on the tensio
...n between the Ancient material and the strategies of reinterpretation, on the selffashioning of the author and on the examination of the original texts’ cultural identity. The most important strategies of the reanimation of Ancient cultural or textual ambient are: a) reconstruction (Melis, Orff), b) plasticity and common presence of the multifaced myths (Bussotti, Birtwistle), c) ritualisation (Dillon, Furrer), d) fragmentation (Maderna), e) „exposure” of the myth or the well-known story (Martinů, Dallapiccola, Turnage), f) utilisation of the Ancient context for the purposes of the ”emancipation” (Harrison).
The paper focuses on the speech entitled Oratio in Electivo Provinciali dicta Anno 1782 by the Hungarian poet Pál Ányos (OSzK Quart. Hung. 1311). The authors analyse the structure and the rhetorical construction of the oration and put foward a proposal for some philological corrections of the previously edited text. Ányos used the allegory o
...f the cardinal virtues as prudentia (David), amor in filios (Moses), fides, iustitia (Joshua), fortitudo, dicendi libertas (Daniel), and had harmonized the ancient (borrowed mainly from Aristotle and Plutarch) and biblical elements in a masterly manner.