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72-78
Vol 6No 3-42015
A HONORARY PROFESSOR EMERITUS AMONG HIS ACADEMIC FRIENDS AND STUDENTS. he study reviews the friendships of Ferenc Zsigmond, the private university teacher endowed with the honorary professor emeritus title in the last 15 years of his life. Zsigmond gave lectures until 1934 in Debrecen, then he lived in his birth village until his suicide in 1949. ...he reclusive scientist sufering from depression, kept up with scientiic developments through his friends and correspondents who played a signiicant role in his life. hese friendships meant a retention force for him, diverted his attention from his illness and postponed its progression. It is not surprising that his illness had turned really serious when he left the capital and moved to his birth village, Kunhegyes, where his regular correspondence ended and the lack of professional discourses weakened the oversensitive scientist.
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39
20
78-81
Vol 6No 1-22015
THE DOCTORAL STUDIES OF THEOLOGY STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN UNTIL 1949. Based on the minutes of the doctoral culminative exams at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Debrecen before 1949, the essay comes to the conclusion that numerous doctoral students in the Faculty of Arts between 1917–1949 completed their studies as students... of the Faculty of heology. It has been proven that it is not only a unique practice in Debrecen, but it is a continuation of an established practice in Kolozsvár. he author decsribes the practice in Kolozsvár and how it was adapted at the University of Debrecen. Based on some memoirs, the author shows that numerous signiicant representatives of Pedagogy started their careers as students of Theology.
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34
22
91-99
Vol 8No 32017
An Arts Student from Debrecen at the International Conference in 1925. A conference was held by the World Student Christian Federation in Herkulesfürdő (Băile Herculane, Romania) in 1925. The University of Debrecen was represented by Margit Kis, an arts student in her second year. The conference was an exhilarating experience to the young and e...nthusiastic lady; she even held a presentation about it to the Debrecen club of the Magyar Evangéliumi Keresztyén Diákszövetség (a Hungarian Christian Student Organization). It was the script of her presentation that she, as a retired teacher, inserted into her memoir a few decades later. We have selected the script of her presentation from her still-unpublished memoir to issue it in the columns of Gerundium. It provides us with valuable information about the main themes of the conference; it is the renewal of the methods of Evangelization the author tells us about the most.
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58
48
124-130
Vol 6No 1-22015
THE PERSONALITY AND STAMINA OF KÁROLY PAP, PROFESSOR OF LITERATURE IN THE EYES OF HIS STUDENTS. he essay describes Károly Pap, the irst professor of literature at the University of Debrecen and a main representative of the positivist literature research, as a teacher based on the reminiscences of his former students. Among the literature researc...hers after 1948, he was considered – rather undeservedly – a negativ igure in the history of the University. Most of the people remembered him as cold and distant teacher with aristocratic behaviour. he essay demonstrates the professional taste of the wrongfully underestimated professor in literature, and draws a iner picture about the conlicting personality of Károly Pap.
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19
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33-58
Vol 4No 1-22013
LÁSZLÓ VAJTHÓ’S LINKS WITH THE UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN. A literary historian known for his text editions and teacher of Dániel Berzsenyi Secondary Grammar School in Budapest, László Vajthó received habilitation for Privat-docent in 1935 at the Faculty of Arts of Debrecen’s István Tisza University and subsequently he obtained full profes...sorship in 1944. In 1942, following the retirement of literary professor Károly Papp, it was L. Vajthó who was expected to occupy the vacant chair. However, somebody else was nominated for the position, and when the chair fell vacant again in 1945, he was repeatedly by-passed. Relying partly on Vajthó’s recollections at old age and partly on the correspondence between László Vajthó, literaryhistorian Ferenc Zsigmond, and Margit Kis, a teacher of Nyíregyháza and a muse to both, the study highlights László Vajthó’s connection with the University of Debrecen.
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20
19
5-22
Vol 7No 1-22016
KÁROLY PAP, PROFESSOR OF LITERATURE, WAS RECTOR MAGNIFICUS OF THE ROYAL ISTVÁN TISZA UNIVERSITY FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 1924–1925. Károly Pap was born in Beregrákos, he conducted his university studies at Kolozsvár, and later in Budapest, where he earned a teacher’s degree in Hungarian and Latin, and later he received a doctor’s degree... in Hungarian literature. In Budapest, from 1898 he was teaching at Veres Pálné secondary school for girls and from 1908 he became professor of Hungarian literature at the Arts Academy of the Reformed College. From 1914, until he retired in 1942, he served as ordinary public professor at the Department of Hungarian literature at the University of Debrecen. In the 1924–25 academic year he served as president of the university. His main professional interest was Hungarian literature of the 18th and 19th centruries, and he was regarded as a conservative historian of literature.
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40
23
Vol 10No 3-42019
Gyula Mitrovics, Professor of Pedagogy the Rector Magnificus of the Hungarian Royal István Tisza University of Debrecen during the Academic Year 1940/41. Mitrovics Gyula művészetek iránti intenzív érdeklődése és a Sárospatak-Debrecen tengely mentén kiformálódott protestáns identitás jelentette az alapot és keretet ahhoz a nagy ív... pályához, amelyet a pataki tanárcsalád gyermeke a XX. század első felének Magyarországán befutott. Első publikációinak sikere, pozitív visszhangja egy művészettörténészi pálya vagy esztétakarrier reményére jogosították fel a törekvő ifjú tanárt, de az „újszülött” debreceni egyetem bölcsészkarának érdekei más irányt szabtak tudományos érdeklődésének: így a neveléstudomány felé fordult a figyelme, amelynek 1917-ben magántanára, majd 1918-ban nyilvános rendes egyetemi tanára lett. Ettől kezdve párhuzamosan foglalkozott az esztétikával és a pedagógiával, 1941-es nyugdíjazásáig ő gondoskodott az itt tanuló bölcsészhallgatók neveléselméleti, neveléstörténeti és pszichológiai ismeretekkel való felvértezéséről. Mitrovics az 1940/41-es tanévben, közvetlenül a nyugdíjba vonulása előtt töltötte be az egyetem rektori tisztét. Vezetői magatartását az óvatos kompromisszumok keresése jellemezte, de az adott időszak nem is nagyon engedett mást a számára. Az ő rektorsága alatt kellett feladnia az egyetemnek a természettudományi tanszékeit, de a nem kevés diplomáciai érzékkel megáldott rektor elért annyit, hogy szakelőadók alkalmazásával folytatódjon a megszüntetett tanszékek tárgyainak előadása. Mitrovics Gyula sorsa nyugdíjasként vett igazán tragikus fordulatot: 1949-ben – némi sugalmazásra – lemondott akadémiai levelező tagságáról, majd az ötvenes évek közepén elhagyta Magyarországot. Az egykori debreceni pedagógiaprofesszor Stuttgartban töltötte utolsó éveit, ott is hunyt el 1965-ben.
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