In the last 20–30 years lameness in cattle was found to be third the most influential disease next to mastitis and reproduction disorders. Studies have been established to explore reasons for lameness and prevention. The problem with more robust prevention plans is that knowledge and research evidence is not strong enough to run an effective
...prevention plan. The aim of the research is to look for reasons of lameness by observing number of cows on 6 farms during 2 lactations. Performance data will be put together to body condition score (BCS) and lameness scores. Other examination is focused on monitoring of 40 farms. This part of the project is more related to extension, collecting and sharing solutions for decreasing lameness. Producers are advised what kind of measures are possible to reduce occurrence of lameness. Effectiveness of those actions will be measured at the end of the study. The first preliminary results show lack in almost all preventive measures needed to be taken in minimising lameness. Those areas are related to poor facilities, lack of straw, problems with labour and basic management.
The following material focuses on dairy production and climate related issues in Hungary. All the data was gathered during PhD project: Study of animal welfare status in dairy cow herds in Hungary. Relations between animal welfare and climate changes expressed by increase in temperature are described. Extremely hot weather creates hard co
...nditions for milking cows when animal welfare is highly compromised. From the preliminary results obtained one might formulate hypothesis that there are still areas on the farms where immediate actions should be taken to give a relief to cows in hot seasons. There was found significant number of farms with too many animals per one water trough, dirty water troughs, limited access to water troughs and hazardous surface for cows in critical places where many animals are gathered. Calves with not sufficient amount of water in hot days and other parts of the year were reported. Silage exposure to the sun and mouldy food in a silage clump was also found to be an important factor in monitoring impact of warm weather. Half of the farms letting animals to spend time on the pasture or paddock did not provide shade for animals. Low conception rate of first insemination was predicted to be influenced by heat stress, what is proved by lack of heat decreasing measures taken on the farms.