The effect of NPK-fertilization on the dynamics of nutrient uptake of maize (Zea mays L., cv. Clarica) was examined on chernozem soil under irrigated and non-irrigated conditions in a field experiment. The following results were made: • the element concentrations in the plant decreased over time, • there is no difference between th
...e dynamics of nutrients on irrigated and non-irrigated sites because rainfall was satisfactory for plants in vegetation period, • the N doses not only significantly increase the nitrogen content in maize, but also have a noticable effect on Ca and Mg concentrations, • because of the acidifying effect of N-fertilizers, increasing the amount of N-fertilizer increased the Mn, Zn, Cu content of the plants, • the P doses have a significant effect on the maize P and N content and the Zn concentration of the plant via P-Zn antagonism in the soil, • as the high K doses treatments alter the ion ratios in the soil, the Ca, Mg content of the plant decreased.
The effect of liming on different organic and inorganic carbon forms in soil was studied in a pot experiment on acidic sandy soil (pH(H2O)=4.38; pH(KCl)=3.42). We used three kinds of liming doses (which were signed M1, M2, M3,). M1 was half of the M2 dose; M2 was the calculated lime dose and M3 was one and the half dose of M2. Lime (CaCO3) was
...mixed into the soil in powdery form. In addition to liming treatments, a uniform N, P and K treatment (1-1-1g N, P2O5 and K2O per pot) was given. Water supply was set up to 75% field water capacity of soil. Pots were watered daily. During the vegetation period soil and plant (oats; Avena sativa L.) samples were taken from each treatment three times (after 6-10-15 weeks). We determined inorganic- and total-C of the soil by Vario EL element analyser (based on dry combustion method) and calculated the organic-C. The conclusions can be summarized as follows: – Liming treatments had a significant positive effect on the soil-pH and caused quantitative change of different carbon forms of soil. – Increasing tendency of liming doses caused more intensive changes in inorganic- and organic-C forms of soil. – A significant correlations was found between the soil pH and the inorganic-C fraction of soil. – A decreasing correlation was found between the vegetation period and the organic-C fraction.