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  • Analysis of Disinfection Technologies that can Increase the Efficiency of Indoor Logistics Processes, which has been Reduced due to the COVID Pandemic
    62-71
    Views:
    146

    As a result of the Coronavirus, both supply chain and internal logistics processes at factories have changed a lot. In many areas, the effectiveness of the logistics processes has declined because of the restrictions implemented against the virus. The study lists some adverse effects where logistics processes had to be modified due to the changing and protection measures against or negative effects of the virus. The authors also argue that these restrictions decreased the efficiency of logistics processes and workers' productivity. One option to increase the logistics sector's efficiency is to use air purification technologies, like the ones studied in this paper: UV-C, Bioxygen® or plasma-ion decontamination technologies. These disinfection processes can create a safe indoor environment. The authors analyse the examined technologies with SWOT analysis. The analysis results demonstrate which disinfection application is the most beneficial to help in improving indoor air quality for logistics processes.

  • Investigation of application and development of precision irrigation technology
    239-248
    Views:
    226

    Due to the extreme weather conditions irrigation is nowadays considered an increasingly necessary factor. After evaluating the water requirements of the plant and the available water resources is necessary to decide what irrigation method to use. One of the most commonly used methods in field conditions is rain-type irrigation, of which there are several types (eg linear, winding drum). The uniformity of the field nozzles can be characterized by the Christiansen uniformity factor (CU%) and the distribution uniformity factor (DU%). The coefficients can be derived from the volume of water captured by the rain gauges. Our investigations were carried out in July and August 2019 at the University of Debrecen's Vision Plant Experimental Plant and at a linear irrigation equipment of a Nyírbátor company. The aim of the study was to compare the uniformity of water dispersion applied by conventional linear technology and precision linear irrigation technology. In addition we examined the intercept values of maize.

  • Sections of Hungarian Contemporary Architecture and Fine Arts
    115-122
    Views:
    157

    In my study I have examined the sections of Hungarian contemporary architecture and fine arts. In the historical overview it has become clear that two turning points have influenced contemporary arts: the total art work (Gesamtkunstwerk) of the Ghotic and Baroque styles. I listed the sections in three categories: metamorphosis, relationship and section. The sections are the highest level of these categories. I explained my research in detail by analyzing these sections, at János Megyik's art and his Gate statue at Life Science building and library at the University of Debrecen.

  • Analysis of Driving Data of Lorries on a Certain Route
    347-352
    Views:
    107

    In this paper the development of a driving cycle for lorries traveling a certain route is presented. A typical transportation route has been selected, which used by lorries instrumented with the proper data-collecting equipment. We used these on-board units to collect data over a long time period in the real-life traffic. We filtered the collected data, and carried out a statistical evaluation on the basis of the measured data.

  • Control of Metal Trading Activities, in Particular the Purchase of Scrap Metal
    457-465
    Views:
    143

    Over the past decade, the metal trade was a frequented area of the black economy. The transformation of the legal background of registration and reporting obligations has played an important role in the change of the situation. There were several steps taken to whiten metals trade such as introduction of the reverse charge, then a few years later, the possibility of nationalization, the metal Act and the related decree. From the impact of all these the authors introduce the influence of registration and reporting obligations related to certain acquisitions of enterprises engaged in metal trading activities.

  • Prediction of FLD using Abaqus and Gurson Model for Simple Flat Spacemen
    32-44
    Views:
    84

    In the past century, in many industries, such as, metal forming industry, it has been important to predict ductile damage and fracture of metals under complex loadings. Regarding damage mechanics, one of the most classical models is the GTN, which was originated from Gurson and later enhanced by Tvergaard and Needleman. The inprovement was achieved by introducing an equivalent void volume fraction f and two more parameters called q1 and q2 into the yield function of Gurson’s model.

  • The Situation of Digitization in the Hungarian Food Processing Industry
    196-209
    Views:
    355

    Thanks to various technologies, such as nanotechnology, the next decades will completely transform the individual production processes and sectors. With the rapid advancement of information technology, the digitalization and automation of industrial processes pose new challenges for food business operators. Hungarian food companies will be able to keep up with their competitors and be the winners for the next decades if they can successfully adopt these technologies. However, this requires a strong focus on digitization, digital strategy, and directing investment, technology change and R&D activities in this direction. Digitization is one of the decisive directions of the future, which is why I felt it essential to study the level of digitization of Hungarian food companies, IT infrastructure and Internet usage, the use, and role of enterprise management systems, decision support and business analysis tools, and business readiness, Industry 4.0 technology change. Based on the 205 evaluable responses to the questionnaire, it can be said that only a tiny proportion of Hungarian food companies have a digital strategy and only a few have digital transformation.

  • Measuring the Dynamic Characteristics of Electric Motors
    359-364
    Views:
    105

    In our previous publications [1, 2], we described our vehicle dynamics simulation program which was developed in MATLAB environment. We also discussed its use for optimizing the technical parameters of electric driven vehicles. We detailed the model and simulation of the series wound DC motor which is part of the program. Besides, we described the experimental procedure by which we can determine the electromagnetic characteristics of the motor from the input parameters of the simulation program. In the present publication we deal with the determination of the dynamic characteristics of the motor (the moment of inertia of the rotor, bearing and brush resistance torques) experimentally. Knowing the above mentioned electromagnetic and dynamic characteristics, we can carry out the simulation of the motor and the results of the simulation can be compared to the results of the test measurements.

  • Vehicle dynamics modelling of an electric driven race car
    106-114
    Views:
    121

    In the following we are presenting a vehicle dynamics simulation program developed in MATLAB environment. The program is capable of calculating the dynamics functions of a vehicle from its technical data. The program has been successfully applied for the optimization of the technical data of an electric driven race car that was designed and constructed at the Department of Mechanical Engineering of the University of Debrecen.

  • Planning, Implementation and Experience of a Skill Development Workshop
    294-301
    Views:
    180

    The development of students' different skills, both in primary and secondary schools, plays an extremely important role. The development of this age group in the form of playful activities can be effectively implemented. The article discusses the pedagogical background and planning steps of such occupations. A specific example of algorithmic skill development will be presented. We also list the experiences we have gained from holding this workshop, which may be helpful for the future development of the session.

  • Quality Management System Requirements
    168-179
    Views:
    300

    The quality management system requirements were changed in 2015. Organisations are granted a threeyear transition period after the revision has been published to migrate their quality management system to the new edition of the standard. The aim of this research is to analyze the differences between ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 9001:2015 requirements, and to identify that part of system elements which are not neccesary to change.

  • Food Industry 4.0 Readiness in Hungary
    1-12
    Views:
    277

    In terms of production value, the food industry is the third-largest in Hungary, the first in Hungary in terms of the number of employees, and the first in Europe in the processing industry, as well as a significant user of resources. The research examined the state of art of digitalization readiness, focusing on I4.0 technologies, which supports the management to operate more efficiently the enterprise and to make better decisions. So the focus was on integrated enterprise information systems, management support systems, business intelligence systems, industry 4.0 technologies, and issues related to their application. The analysis based on an online questionnaire survey the request sent to 4.600 enterprises, the response rate was 5% which was representative of the branches of production, covered the Hungarian food and beverage manufacturing sectors in 2019. The companies were asked the most critical technologies in development, going towards Industry 4.0. The research tools were LimeSurvey, Mailing List Server, Excel, Power BI (Desktop, Publishing Server to distribute the results). The used analysing methods were making calculations, pivot tables, models, dasboards. We found that a significant portion of businesses, 78 %, use mobile devices in the manufacturing process. The three most relevant digital technologies are geolocating (GPS, GNSS), cloud computing, and sensor technology. The current level of digitalization and integration cannot be said to be high, but respondents are very optimistic about expectations. Improvements are expected in all areas in the next 2-3 years in terms of digitalisation and integration. Vertical integration involves, first and foremost, cooperation with partners in the supply chain. Horizontal integration means close, real-time connectivity and collaboration within the company. Unfortunately, between 6% and 15% of SMEs (approximately 9% on average) and large enterprises, 36% have a digital strategy. According to the survey, the sector needs significant improvement and creating a digitalization strategy.

  • The Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed CuZn28 Brass Specimens with Different Orientations
    253-259
    Views:
    217

    In this paper, the properties of CuZn28 brass raw material were presented. The 3D printed metal specimens are made from this material with different orientations. Their mechanical properties (tensile strength, yield strength) and elongation were investigated according to MSZ EN 6892-1: 2012 standard. The strength of the different printing directions is analyzed and it is determined which printing direction is the most favourable. Finally, the effect of the different printing directions upon the structure of the material is studied.

  • Wind Energy Harnessing Options at Buildings
    51-58
    Views:
    97

    Our goal was to develop a wind turbine system which could be applied in urban areas where the wind power has low potential, such as the cities in the “Alföld” region. The proposed system is able to harness more wind power at lower wind velocity than the commonly used ones, by using advantageo us properties of the flow in tunnels.

  • Review on Construction Procedures of Driving Cycles
    266-285
    Views:
    278

    The goal of this paper is to give an overview of the literature of construction techniques of driving cycles. Our motivation for the overview is the future goal of constructing our own driving cycles for various types of vehicles and routes. This activity is part of a larger project focusing on determination of fuel and energy consumption by dynamic simulation of vehicles. Accordingly, the papers dealing with sample route determination, data collection and processing, driving cycle construction procedures, statistical evaluation of data are in our focus.

  • The Special Aspects of Leasing as Long-Term Asset Financing Method in Hungary
    115-128
    Views:
    580

    Leasing has become widespread in the world in the 1970s, while in Hungary the first leasing firms appeared in the 1990s. The authors in this article introduce the most prevailing and most often used forms of leasing and their main characteristics in Hungary. Based on the statistical data of the 2008-2015 period the authors analyse the performance of investments, the volume of trade in the total leasing market and the course of the amount of capital assets and new capital investments on the level of the national economy. The conclusion of the current article is that the changes of the investment’s performance in the national economy and the EU development funds influence greatly the course of the Hungarian leasing market.

  • On the Torsional Rigidity of Orthotropic Beams with Rectangular Cross Section
    25-30
    Views:
    68

    The paper deals with the torsional rigidity of homogenous and orthotropic beam with rectangular cross
    section. The torsional rigidity of the considered beam is defined in the framework of the Saint-Venant theory of
    uniform torsion. Exact and approximate solutions are given to the determination of the torsional rigidity. The shape
    of cross section is determined which gives maximum value of the torsional rigidity for a given cross-sectional area.
    The dependence of torsional rigidity as a function of the ratio shear moduli of beam is also studied.

  • The significance of analysing potential conflicts in the sales-marketing integration
    41-59
    Views:
    118

    Our research aims to identify the critical interfaces between sales and marketing that need to be improved in order to ensure productive cooperation. The relationship between the two departments is full of conflicts and interdependencies. The improvement of communication is of strategical importance, as it is key to staying competitive in the market. The effectiveness and quality of the sales-marketing cooperation is a key factor that is negatively affected by personal and organisational factors as well as a lack of information and conflicts. In addition to the key factors of managing the sales-marketing interfaces, we have also identified the actions that can promote their improvement, including strategic and organisational roles and responsibilities. Our empirical research results show that regular information exchange, more common and interdisciplinary meetings, and a clearly communicated and implemented corporate vision have a positive effect on the coordination and integration of the sales and marketing departments. Consequently, management is reponsible for establishing a corporate vision, i.e. a comprehensive management culture that is clearly communicated across the board in order to increase the employees’ sense of belonging. Of all elements of management culture, the most important factors are coordination and the establishment of a common strategic sysyem. All in all, corporate profit, which is of key importance to the employer, is largely dependent on the successful integration of the sales and marketing departments, which can be achieved through the implementation of the above factors.

  • Evolution of Lean Management and the Organizational Learning
    251-259
    Views:
    601

    In industry, service and public sector lean approach is gaining ground. However, there is a significant difference between the organizations applying lean concept in case of their lean transformation maturity level as well as their lessons learned. There is a huge variety of methods and techniques which can be used but there are two conditions in case of every organization regardless their sector or their lean maturity level which determine the success of their lean development: lean approach leader and learning organization. Lean leadership is not based on a particular sector or method and a ready-made lean organization is not needed either. The concept of the top management has a huge effect on the characteristics of theorganization but whether the will of the management is enough for the complete transformation or not is the question. Is the target the lean organization itself or how a unit of an organization or the whole organization can react to the change of the environment? The attitudes and behaviors of lean approach leadership can be applied every day, everywhere and support the aim of creating a real lean organization.

  • Customer and Supplier Relationships and Their Characteristic in the Automotive
    1-12
    Views:
    279

    This article gives short review with the help of specialized literature that was written both national and overseas.This gives information about whatrelationships can you speak in the automotive.This study briefly presents what are the forms which are preferred by the companies, they are more general and what distinctive characteristics do the forms of contact have. Essential question of the customer-supplier relationships is the following – how does the customer company treat its supplier as a partner. The supplier relationship is very precious if we are not talking only about easy product-delivery but a positive relationship can be developed between the two sides. The aim of this study is a literature review which has summarized the theoretical ground of this subject, so that means a kind of a starting point in the practice.

  • Review of Modern Vehicle Powertrains and Their Modelling and Simulation in MATLAB/Simulink
    232-250
    Views:
    1034

    Thanks to technological advances and environmental standards, as well as changing usage patterns, road vehicles are constantly developing. Electric and hybrid vehicles are playing an increasingly important role in today’s road transport. The most significant changes are probably in the powertrain of vehicles. The efficiency of internal combustion engines increases while their emissions continue to decline. In addition, high performance electric motors, batteries and even fuel cells play an increasingly important role in hybrid and electric vehicles. In this publication, we review the drive systems of current modern vehicles and the types and characteristics of their major components. We also review the available models and computer programs for their simulation, focusing mainly on MATLAB/Simulink applications. Based on this, we can develop our own models and simulation programs which will help us to perform different driving dynamics simulations and to compare the performance, dynamic and energetic characteristics of these powertrains and their components to each other.

  • Tips and Tricks for Making Examination in Moodle
    123-131
    Views:
    137

    Electronic exams made with the Moodle system can greatly facilitate the examiners job, but only few people use this option. This paper will review the examination system of the Moodle, the uploading of the question bank, the creating of the test, and the range of the available statistics. Then answers some frequently asked questions and misunderstandings, and give tips and show tricks related to secure examinations.

  • Numerical Modelling and Simulation of Sheet Metal Forming Process
    1-6.
    Views:
    129

    Simulation and modelling of sheet metal forming process are well common today in different industries (automotive, aerospace) and several research centers regarding its huge impact for both on production and reliability of the lifecycle of the equipment, and the quality of the product. However, to obtain the best configuration possible with the inputs parameters to achieve high level of production and increasing the durability of the tools needs some extra methods for the optimization for this problem using mostly finite element method cooperated with iterative algorithms based on Artificial Neural Network (ANN) [1]. Whereas this research is focused on modelling of stamping process of stainless steel AISI 304 to investigate to formability of the material, and studying the influence of the friction factor on the quality of the product as well the energy required for each set configuration.

     

  • Dynamic Tests on a Series Wound DC Motor. Simulation of the Braking of the Vehicle Driven by the Motor
    15-20
    Views:
    86

    In the following we present the role and contribution of vehicle dynamics simulation to vehicle development in the University of Debrecen Faculty of Engineering. We present the input technical parameters which are necessary for the simulation of the series wound DC motor – which drives the vehicle – and also the procedure for their measurement together with the results of dynamic test measurements on the motor. The latest version of our vehicle dynamics simulation program –which is capable of the simulation of braking too – is also presented here.

  • Algorithmization in Playful Way
    105-111
    Views:
    87

    In the “Extending the Technical Researcher Capacity, Developing Research Services and Building a Knowledge Square in Engineering Education” sub-program of the EFOP-3.6.1-16-2016-00022 "Debrecen Venture Catapult Program" project a research group on engineering and innovation skills was founded. This team undertook to develop skills development workshops for high school students in connection with mathematics, physics, descriptive geometry and informatics topics. In this paper the "Algorithmization in playful way" workshop will be presented, where we develop the student's algorithmic skills by playing computer games.

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